Reading Passage and Practice: North American
colonies Math: Interpreting and representing fractions Vocabulary:
Writing: Description of a village, showing causes Project: Diagram a village Game:
Click on the
words highlighted in yellow
to get a definition.
When you finish the reading, go to other support activities.
A colony is
land that belongs to a far-away country. The American colonies
belonged to the country of England.
England controlled and protected its colonies. The American
Colonies were supposed to obey England.
traveled across the ocean to make their homes in America.
Jamestown was the first lasting
settlement. It was
in 1607. Later, in 1620, the Pilgrims signed the
Mayflower Compact and settled in Plymouth.
The Mayflower Compact set up self-government for the
people of Plymouth. After a while, there were thirteen (13) colonies.
You will recognize the names of the thirteen colonies because they
are now states: Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North and South
Carolina, and Georgia.
The colonies were very different from each other,
from the beginning. These differences could still be seen years
later. For example, people in the northern colonies wanted
religious freedom. They also wanted a safe place for their children.
The people in the
southern colonies wanted to live a quiet,
agricultural life. They wanted
the plantation way of
life. To make the plantations work, they needed
Indentured servants were similar to
slaves, but they had a contract
with the plantation owners. At the end of their contract, they
were free. Later,
colonists began bringing slaves from Africa. Slaves were forced
to work with no pay. After 1680, slaves did most of the hard work on the plantations
was cheaper to use slaves from Africa.
The colonies needed England for many things.
England needed the colonies for many things, too. For example, the
provided England with foods, raw materials,
tobacco, and indigo.
England also demanded high taxes from the settlers. After a while,
the American colonists became upset and unhappy. England worried that the colonies would
get together against it.
England tried to keep a tight control on the colonies through its
governors and through its laws. Everybody was getting tense
and angry, and a war (the American Revolution) started. The colonies
won their independence because of this
What word of phrase is being expressed below?
(Spend some time thinking about the answer before checking it!)